How a motherboard works

Data Bus Width
Modern Pentium class motherboards have a data bus with 64 bits . That is the width of the data highway that goes in and out of the processor. The Pentium processors, however, do use 32-bit registers to handle 32-bit instructions.

Bus speeds and widths have increased due to faster processors and the needs of multimedia applications. Typical bus names and widths are:

  • Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) - 8 or 16 bits
  • Extended Industry Standard Architecture (EISA) - 8 or16 bits
  • Microchannel Architecture (MCA) - 16 or 32 bits
  • VESA Local Bus (VLB) - 32 bits
  • Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) - 32 or 64 bits
  • Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP ) - 32 bits
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Table of Contents:
Introduction to How Motherboards Work
Background
On the Motherboard
Data Bus Width
Chipsets
Fans